Paraphrasing and Quoting

Paraphrasing and quoting other's ideas and words can be tricky. It is essential, however, to avoid plagiarism by correctly citing and documenting sources.

With direct quotes, include quotation marks around the exact words used and include the correct author and page (if needed) in the parenthesis. If the original source is online, the author may be the title of the web page and a page number may be unavailable. Electronic sources vary depending on the original source used. Consult a style manual or Library style guide for examples.

Paraphrasing can be challenging. Paraphrasing correctly requires capturing the original author's ideas without repeating the exact words used. To paraphrase, use different words and sentence structure as well as your own ideas. As with direct quotes, include an in-text, parenthetical citation. Generally, the author's name and page number must be included in the parenthesis.

For a humorous yet informative video from Rutgers University, view this 3-part series
(but turn your volume DOWN first - it is very loud) Rutgers Plagiarism videos